Yesterday, my 3 year old invented automated sprinkler systems.
OK, let’s back up a little bit. As early as the 15th Century, people recognized the need for a quick, automated response to a fire. In fact, Leonardo Da Vinci even developed a kitchen system that would help extinguish an oven fire. . . which flooded the fire and the entire kitchen, ruined all the food, and ended the Duke of Milan’s dinner party. . . so you could say it worked. The sprinkler system as we know it today, really got its start in the early 1800’s.
Over time, systems have obviously become more sophisticated. In addition to this form of “active fire protection” (meaning that there is a system literally attempting to extinguish a fire), there have been various means and methods developed to promote “passive fire protection” (contain fires & slow the spread of them) and “fire prevention” (eliminate causes of fire & educate occupants). All three systems work together within a building to, first and foremost, protect the occupants of the building. Saving the building, if it happens, is a bonus.
Many conversations with my son start with me asking him “What do you want to talk about?” Some of those conversations investigate the minutia of which super heroes are the best ones (Batman, because he’s “just a guy”, and Spiderman “because I said so”). Sometimes we dive into the details of “Where does the mailman get the mail from?”
Yesterday, he asked me “what did you do today?” So I told him. It’s hit or miss with these conversations because he really doesn’t know what he’s getting into. Sometimes, he cuts me off and asks me if I want to play, and yes, of course I do. I thought he’d never ask! Other times, though, he listens. He doesn’t just let me talk. . . he really listens and turns it into a conversation. I started talking about 2 separate projects that I worked on yesterday, both related to fire protection & safety within existing buildings. Each has it’s own solution, but each serves the purpose of protecting the occupants inside. I push the details with him. . . let him know, first of all, WHY people need to be protected. If you have a “house” (residential occupancy) above an “office” (business/mercantile occupancy), you need to make sure that those spaces are protected from each other. When people are at work, they’re not home. When people are at home, they’re not at work. So if there is a fire in the office at night, everyone is sleeping, and they won’t be safe. . . unless we make them safe.
“Can the fireman come and spray water and make it rain on the building?” Yes. Yes they can. But, they have to drive there first and it might take a couple minutes. The people still need to be safe until the firemen get there. According to the rules (the 2009 International Building Code), we have to build our buildings to make sure they are safe, and we have to use materials that stop the fire (passive fire protection). Sometimes, using the right materials between the office and the house is enough. At this point, we got into a long back and forth listing things that catch on fire easily, and things that don’t . . . I think this lasted 3 or 4 hours (or at least felt like it).
And then my 3 year old invented the sprinkler system. “Dad, if there’s a fire in the peoples’ house, they should turn on the rain shower and make it rain INSIDE the building until the fireman gets there (“rain shower” is what we call the shower in the bathroom so it’s more fun).” I asked him what if the people are sleeping, or what if the fire is not in the bathroom. “Maybe we can make a building with rain showers everywhere and they turn on by themselves, like when we wash our hands at Wegmans (they have motion activated faucets in the restroom that, of course, we have to try 4,000 times every time we go there – sorry, Wegmans).”
He’s right. Although, to my knowledge, motion activated sprinkler systems have not yet been installed in any building. . . ever. . . that would be a potential solution . . . for about the first 10 minutes until they went off. But, together, we came up with a better solution that involves detecting the smoke and the heat before spraying the water everywhere.
Sprinkler systems are expensive, and not all buildings require them. It’s really an assessment of the type of construction, the nature of the occupants inside, and the size of the spaces. There are many, many other factors that come into play as well, and every building is different. You can rely on your friendly, neighborhood Architect to help guide you thru the process!
This morning, we got in the car and drove away, on our way to school. A few seconds down the road an audible “ding, ding, ding” filled the car. “Daaaaaaad, you forgot your seat belt! Put it on so that you’re safety!” I put it on and quickly changed the conversation before he invented the airbag. . . . . . . .